AN OVERVIEW OF THE BIBLE
A Free Online Bible Course
The Mosaic Age
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The Mosaic Age
This lesson traces the history of Israel from the exodus out of
until the return of
from Babylonian captivity.
For forty years Moses lived in Midian. One day, while tending to his flocks,
God called to Moses from a burning bush and told him to go to Pharaoh and
demand the release of His people, Israel
Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and demanded that he release Israel. Pharaoh
refused. Therefore, God brought nine plagues upon Egypt but Pharaoh still
refused to let Israel go
God would send one more plague, the death of the firstborn, which would affect
However, Israel's firstborn would be spared by following Moses' instructions
Then the Lord struck all the firstborn in Egypt
Following the death of all their
firstborn, the Egyptians finally let Israel go. They left Egypt under the
leadership of Moses (Exodus 12:31-13:18).
When they reached Mount Sinai, God called Moses up into the mountain where
he received the Law of God for Israel. The Ten Commandments were the basis
for all other laws, covering every aspect of personal, religious and civil
life (Exodus 19-25).
From Sinai the Israelites came to the borders of
After spying out the land, Joshua (Moses passed the leadership to Joshua just
before his death) led
across the Jordan river and, by the Lord's might, took the city of Jericho
Following the defeat of
Israel went on to conquer all the southern
Canaan. However, there was still much land to
be conquered. This would be left to
Israel's future king, David.
The Time Of The Judges
The pagan nations, that
had not driven out, soon proved to be a snare to Israel: they intermarried
with them, and embraced their religions. Because of this spiritual adultery,
God allowed the surrounding nations to oppress them. Israel would then
repent and cry out to God for deliverance. The Lord responded and raised up
a judge (a military leader) to deliver them. This cycle was repeated many
The Time Of The Kings
Samuel was the last judge of
he was also a priest and prophet
(1 Samuel 3).
Samuel brought religious reform in the land and delivered
from the oppression of the Philistines
(1 Samuel 7).
When Samuel had grown old, the elders of Israel came to him and demanded that
he appoint a king over them. The Lord told Samuel to do as they had
requested. So, according to God's choice, Samuel anointed Saul as Israel's
(1 Samuel 8:1-10:27).
Samuel also anointed Israel's second king, David
(2 Samuel 2:1-5:5).
As David contemplated building a more permanent structure in which to place
the Ark of God, the Lord said to David, "When your days are fulfilled and
you rest with your fathers, I will set up your seed after you, who will come
from your body, and I will establish His kingdom. He shall build a house for
My name, and I will establish the throne of His kingdom forever"
7:12- 13). Some aspects of this prophecy were fulfilled in David's son,
Solomon. However, there was yet a greater fulfillment to be seen in Jesus
13:23; Luke 1:32; Zechariah 6:12-13; 1 Peter 2:5;
Solomon, David's son, was
next king. At the beginning of his reign he was a good king. However, during
the latter years of his reign, he was unfaithful to the Lord
(1 Kings 1:1-11:10).
Therefore, the Lord told him that the kingdom would be divided
11:11-13). This was fulfilled shortly after his
For about 300 years we see a succession of kings ruling in both Israel and
Judah. On the whole both kingdoms fell into spiritual decline
(1 Kings 13:1- 10; 14:1-16; 16:1-14; 17:1-19:21; 21:17-29).
Because of Israel and Judah's spiritual decline
(2 Kings 17:7-23),
the Lord allowed them to be taken into captivity. The Assyrians took Israel
captive, from which they never returned
(2 Kings 17-18),
and Judah was taken into captivity by the Babylonians
(2 Kings 18-25).
After 70 years in captivity, Judah
returned home in three stages: the first group was led home by Zerubbabel
(Ezra 1- 6).
The second group was led home by Ezra (Ezra
7-10). The third group was
led back by Nehemiah (Nehemiah 1-13).
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1. What was Moses' mission
given to him by God?
2. What instructions did Moses
Israel allowing them to escape the tenth plague?
3. What significant event
4. To whom was the Law given?
5. What was the name of the
first city conquered by
6. How was
Israel governed after Joshua's death?
7. In what way were the pagan
nations a snare to
8. What promises to Abraham
(Genesis 12:1-3) have now been fulfilled at
9. Who were
Israel's first two kings?
10. The covenant God made with
David had some fulfillment in David's son, Solomon, but there was also a future
fulfillment to be seen in Jesus. What New Testament writers confirm this?
11. Why did the
kingdom of Israel become divided?
(1 Kings 11:9-13; 11:26-12:20).
12. Which Kingdom went into
13. What nation took
Judah into captivity?
14. Which kingdom never
returned from captivity?
15. What three men led
Judah home after 70 years in captivity?
We look forward to receiving your answers.