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The Patriarchal Age

Lesson Two Of Six

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The Patriarchal Age

 

In this lesson we shall focus on six of the patriarchs: Adam, Noah, Abram, Isaac, Jacob and Joseph. We will also spend some time studying the earlier years of Moses' life - the key figure of transition into the Mosaic Age.

 

ADAM

 

Adam And Eve's Responsibilities

After God had created Adam and Eve, He placed them in a paradise garden called Eden (Genesis 1:26-28). God gave them just one command saying, "...of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat" (Genesis 2:17). Further, they were warned, "You shall not eat it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die" (Genesis 3:3).

 

The Fall

Through the Serpentís lies and deceit, Adam and Eve ate the forbidden fruit. The result was feelings of shame and guilt over their disobedience (Genesis 3:1-8). God called them to account, and having established their guilt He punished both the Serpent, woman, and the man (Genesis 3:8-19).

 

The Seed Promise

God promised the Serpent that his spiritual seed would bruise the heel of the woman's seed, and that her seed would crush his head (Genesis 3:15). The "Seed of the woman" is a reference to Christ (Galatians 4:4).

 
NOAH

 

The Human Race Multiplies

As man multiplied so wickedness increased. It was because of this increase in wickedness that God regretted making man and decided to destroy all life on earth by means of a world wide flood. However, one man "found grace in the eyes of the Lord" (Genesis 6:8), Noah. God instructed him to build an ark in which he and his family might be saved (Genesis 6:13-14).

 

 Noah's Deliverance

As the time of God's judgment drew near, God told Noah and his family to enter the ark (Genesis 6:1-7:16). God had waited 120 years for mankind to repent but he didnít, so God sent the flood (Genesis 7:1-24). After nearly a year the flood waters began to recede. Noah and his family came out of the Ark after 371 days (Genesis 8:1-20).

 

Noah's Descendants

Noah was 950 years old when he died. It is from Noah's three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth, that all nations of the earth have their origin (Genesis 9:18- 29). The Bible focuses primarily on the descendants of Shem, since it is through his line that the Christ was to come into the world. From Shemís descendants are traced down as far as Abraham (Genesis 10:1-32; 11:10-26).

 
ABRAHAM

 

The Call Of Abram

Abram was dwelling in the city of Ur, Chaldea, when God called him. God promised him three things: to make his descendants into a great nation, give them a land in which to dwell, and to bless all nations through his seed (Genesis 12:1-4). The Ďseedí promise was spiritual in nature and referred to Jesus (Galatians 3:16).

 

The Promises Restated

The promises God made to Abraham were restated to his son Isaac (Genesis 26:1-4) and his grandson Jacob (Genesis 28:11-22). Jacob had twelve sons, and one of these was Joseph (Genesis 29-30).

 

JOSEPH

 

The account of Joseph shows how God fulfilled His first promise to make Israel's descendants into a great nation.

 

Joseph Sold Into Slavery

Joseph's brothers had grown bitter toward Joseph, and they ended up selling him to Midianite traders who sold Joseph in Egypt (Genesis 37:1-36).

 

Joseph's Rise To Power In Egypt

One day Pharaoh had a dream that he could not understand. Joseph was able, by the power of God, to interpret the dream. Pharaoh was so impressed that he set Joseph over all the land of Egypt (Genesis 39-41).

 

Israel Moves To Egypt

Because of a severe famine, Israel (Jacob) and his household came and dwelt in Egypt. Pharaoh gave Joseph's family the best of the land in which to dwell (Genesis 37:1-47:12).

 

Israelites Brought Into Bondage

In fulfillment of God's promise, the children of Israel multiplied rapidly (Genesis 46:3-4; Exodus 1:7). The new Pharaoh perceived them as a threat and brought them into slavery (Exodus 1:1-14).

 

MOSES

 

The Birth Of Moses

Pharaoh attempted to prevent Israel's growth by giving a general order to cast every newborn male into the river (Exodus 1:15-22). Through the action of Jochebed and the providence of God, Moses escaped the Pharaoh's edict. Moses was adopted by Pharaoh's daughter and raised in all the wisdom of the Egyptians (Exodus 2:1-10).

 

God Remembers His Covenant

God would now begin to fulfill His promise to bring the children of Israel up out of Egypt and into the promised land, Canaan (Genesis 46:1-4). God would achieve this by His servant Moses.  

 

QUESTIONS

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1. What command did God give to Adam and Eve?

____________________________________

 

2. By what means did Satan tempt Eve?

________________________________________________

 

3. What punishments did God administer to...

Adam ________________________,

Eve __________________________,

and the Serpent? ____________________________

 

4. To whom did the Seed promise refer? (Genesis 3:15)

__________________

 

5. Which son of Noah was an ancestor of Christ?

______________________

 

6. Where was Abraham living when God first called him?

__________________

What did God promise him? ___________________

 

7. Which promise made to Abraham was spiritual in nature?

_____________________________

 

8. How many children did Jacob have (Name them)?

__________________________________________________

 

9. Why was Joseph sold into slavery?

_______________________________________________________________

 

10. When Israel and his household came to live in Egypt, what promise was God beginning to fulfill?

______________________________________________________

 

11. Describe how Moses survived the Pharaoh's edict.

______________________________________________________

 

12. By whom would God begin to bring about Israel's deliverance?

___________________________________

 

We look forward to receiving your answers.