AN OVERVIEW OF THE BIBLE
A Free Online Bible Course
An Overview Of The Three Bible Ages
Bible divides time into three distinct ages which we refer to as the
Patriarchal Age, the Mosaic Age, and the Christian Age. We shall examine each
of these by focusing on the principle characters of each period: Abram, Moses,
From the creation until the giving of the Law on Mount Sinai, is the period we
refer to as the Patriarchal Age (patriarch means father).
It is called the Patriarchal Age because during this time God spoke directly
to the head of the family, the father or patriarch.
called Abram while he was living in Ur of Babylonia. He promised to make his
descendants into a great nation, to give his descendants a land
in which to dwell, and to bless all nations through his Seed
The first two promises were physical in nature, while the 'Seed' promise was
spiritual in nature and referred to Jesus Christ
Abraham's grandson, Jacob, along with his whole family (70 people), moved to
Goshen, in Egypt. It was here that this small number of people grew into a
great nation. The Egyptians considered them a threat and brought them into
(Genesis 46-Exodus 2:25).
The Mosaic Age
After 430 years in slavery God raised up a deliverer, Moses. Moses was called
while he was in Midian. Speaking to him from a burning bush, God told him to
go to Pharaoh and say, "Let my people go"
Pharaoh refused, so God brought ten plagues upon Egypt. The last plague was
the death of the firstborn of every household. It was due to this plague
that Pharaoh let Israel go
Giving Of The Law
Under the leadership of Moses, the Israelites came to Mount Sinai where God
delivered the Law, by Moses, to Israel
They were also given detailed instructions regarding their worship
The giving of the Law marks the beginning of the Mosaic Age.
After forty years of wandering in the wilderness
(Numbers 10:11 - 14:38),
God brought Israel to the borders of Canaan (which God had promised to
Abram’s descendants). Moses did not enter Canaan and he passed on the
responsibility of leadership to Joshua just before his death. Under his
leadership Israel entered the promised land, Canaan
The two physical promises to Abraham (nation and land) had now been
(Joshua 21:43; 23:14).
The next 300 years were known as
the `Time of the Judges'. Judges were military leaders, raised up by God to
deliver Israel from the oppression of foreign invaders. The last judge of
Israel, Samuel, was also a priest (Judges 1-21).
After the `Time of the Judges' came the `Time of the Kings', a period that
covers 500 years. Samuel anointed Israel's first and second kings: Saul and
David. David's son, Solomon, ruled in Israel for forty years.
After Solomon's death his son, Rehoboam, became king. It was during Rehoboam's
reign that the kingdom became divided. Rehoboam ruled over the southern
kingdom, called Judah. Jeroboam ruled over the northern kingdom, called
(1 Kings 1:28 - 2:12; 6:1-38; 11:41-12:33).
last king of
was Hoshea. During his reign, Israel's sins increased and in 722 B.C. the
Assyrians took Israel into a captivity. Judah was taken captive by the
Babylonians in 606 B.C.
(2 Kings 17-25).
After 70 years in Babylonian captivity, the Lord brought Judah back home
Israel never returned from captivity.
The Christian Age
Jesus' birth marks the beginning of the fulfillment of the Seed promise made
(Genesis 12:3; Galatians 3:1-16).
Jesus began His earthly ministry when He was thirty years old and ended
about three years later when He was crucified. During this short time, Jesus
fulfilled every prophecy concerning Himself (Read Matthew).
had previously said, through the prophet Jeremiah, that He would make a New
Covenant with His people
Jesus' death marks the beginning of the New Covenant
also called ‘The Christian Age.’ When the New Covenant came into effect at
Jesus' death, the old national covenant, including its system of worship,
came to an end
New Testament contains four accounts of Jesus' life and ministry (Matthew,
Mark, Luke, and John), and the establishment, growth, and spread of the church
throughout the world (Acts). It also contains teaching concerning the church's
designations, organization, creed, rule of faith and practice, worship, and
You must fill in all
the fields in order for your answers to be sent.
Name the three Bible ages?
What were the three promises that God made to Abram?
To whom did the SEED promise refer?
How did God begin to fulfill the nation promise made to Abram?
Why were the Israelites brought into slavery by the Egyptians?
What was the last plague that God brought upon the
To what place did Moses first bring
To what nation was the Law given?
Israel into the promised land?
Israel and Judah go into captivity?
When did the Christian Age begin?
What happened to the Law of Moses after the Christian age began?
Should Christians keep the Law of Moses
(Colossians 2:14- 17; Galatians
We look forward to receiving your answers.